Stabilizing the economy and promoting development Scientific and technological innovation provides an inexhaustible driving force

2022-09-07 00:00

According to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics on August 31, the new momentum index of China's economic development in 2021 will be 598.8, an increase of 35.4% over the previous year, and the new momentum with new industries, new formats and new models as the main content has achieved steady growth, economic vitality has been continuously improved, and innovation capabilities have been further enhanced.
Data from the New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Research Center of the Ministry of Science and Technology shows that in 2021, the scale of China's artificial intelligence core industry exceeded 400 billion yuan, and there were more than 3,000 enterprises. With the continuous growth of industries such as the Internet, big data, and artificial intelligence, the digital economy has accelerated the integration and penetration of the real economy, injecting new momentum into economic growth.

Artificial intelligence empowers the real economy On
August 12, the Ministry of Science and Technology and other 6 departments issued the "Guiding Opinions on Accelerating Scene Innovation and Promoting High-quality Economic Development with High-level Application of Artificial Intelligence".
Three days later, the Ministry of Science and Technology launched to support the construction of a new generation of artificial intelligence demonstration application scenarios, and released the first batch of 10 application scenarios supported by smart farms, smart ports, smart mines, and smart factories. On the one hand, this move is intended to accelerate the application of scientific research results of artificial intelligence and create economic and social benefits; On the other hand, through artificial intelligence scene innovation, practical application traction technology research and development to tackle key problems.
"The construction of artificial intelligence demonstration application scenarios plays an important role in stabilizing the economy, and is also an important measure to promote the transformation and development of China's economy to innovation-driven and achieve high-quality development." Xing Huaibin, deputy director of the Strategic Planning Department of the Ministry of Science and Technology, said in an interview with a reporter from Science and Technology Daily that through key support and accelerated promotion, it will drive collaborative innovation in the industrial chain, stimulate investment, promote employment, and cultivate and form new economic growth points.
In terms of helping to stabilize the economy and promote development, the Ministry of Science and Technology focuses on the "four aspects" to accelerate the implementation of major national scientific and technological tasks, actively explores the implementation of the "unveiling" and "horse racing" system for major tasks, implements the chief scientist responsibility system for cutting-edge exploration projects, and accelerates the formation of a number of strategic, critical, and major traction and driving effects on economic development.

Since the beginning of
this year, the Ministry of Science and Technology has deeply implemented the major requirements of the Party Central Committee that "epidemic prevention, economic stability, and development security", implemented the State Council's package of policies and measures to stabilize the economy and the deployment arrangements of successive policies and measures, made important progress in scientific research on the new crown pneumonia epidemic, accelerated and solid implementation of science and technology policies, implemented major scientific and technological tasks in depth, fully stimulated the vitality of innovation and entrepreneurship, and continued to emerge. It provides strong and effective support for stabilizing the overall economic market, building a new development pattern, and promoting high-quality development.
According to data from the Ministry of Science and Technology, from January to July, the National Science and Technology Achievements Transformation Fund invested 2.029 billion yuan, driving social capital investment of 19.483 billion yuan. As of July 31, a total of 346,900 technology contracts had been registered nationwide, with a transaction amount of 2.04 trillion yuan, an increase of 26.06% and 33.84% respectively year-on-year.
Behind the figures, it is inseparable from the blessing of a series of policy dividends, such as accelerating the improvement of the transfer and transformation system of scientific and technological achievements, greatly increasing the incentives for the transformation of scientific and technological achievements, fully delegating the right to use, dispose of and benefit from scientific and technological achievements, and carrying out pilot projects to give scientific researchers the ownership or long-term use right of scientific and technological achievements.
Not only that, the Ministry of Science and Technology has also accelerated the construction of 12 national demonstration zones for the transfer and transformation of scientific and technological achievements, and implemented 6 actions, including the roadshow of national scientific and technological plans and the empowerment of entrepreneurship by university achievements, to help the achievements of major scientific and technological projects land faster and better.
When it comes to the application of scientific research results, we have to say that China adheres to multiple technical routes in parallel and steadily improves the report card handed over by normalizing epidemic prevention and control capabilities. For example, China led the formulation of the world's first international standard for new coronavirus nucleic acid detection, and continued to carry out the research and development of new detection technologies such as breath and spectral mass spectrometry; 42 vaccines entered clinical trials, 17 were approved for phase III clinical trials overseas, 9 vaccines such as inactivated vaccines, adenovirus vector vaccines, and recombinant protein vaccines were approved for conditional marketing or emergency use, and 3 vaccines were included in the World Health Organization's emergency use list; A number of domestic new crown drugs have been approved for marketing, and the combination therapy of neutralizing antibodies ambavir and romisivimab has been approved for marketing in China...

High-tech zones show high-quality "background" Recently
, the State Council approved the construction of Changchun and Hardaqi National Independent Innovation Demonstration Zones, and four provincial-level high-tech zones in Xinyang, Karamay, Zunyi and Chuzhou were upgraded to national high-tech zones, bringing the total number of national independent innovation demonstration zones and national high-tech zones to 23 and 173 respectively.
"The overall operation of the national high-tech zone is stable, and the economic volume continues to grow, showing strong development resilience and strongly supporting the stable operation and high-quality development of the local economy." Jia Jingdun, director of the Torch Center of the Ministry of Science and Technology, said that from January to July, 173 national high-tech zones achieved a total industrial output value of 17.5 trillion yuan, an increase of 8.1% year-on-year; Operating income was 27.4 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 7.1%; Total exports were 2.8 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 8.6%; Investment in fixed assets (excluding rural households) was 3.1 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 10.1%.
The national high-tech zone has faced difficulties and shown a high-quality "background" in deeply promoting stable growth, stabilizing market entities, ensuring employment and promoting entrepreneurship.
In order to give full play to the leading role of the national high-tech zone, the national science and technology plan project and the innovation base platform, the Ministry of Science and Technology and 6 departments encourage various innovation subjects to develop and implement scientific research assistant positions. As of August 31, a total of 179,000 people have been employed in scientific research assistant positions, of which more than 150,000 have graduated from colleges and universities in 2022.
In order to promote the deep integration of science and technology, industry and finance, the Ministry of Science and Technology also promotes the docking of R&D units and financial institutions, project results and capital markets, accelerates the formation of new economic growth points, and provides new impetus for supporting a solid and stable economy. In addition, the national key R&D plan supports the scientific and technological innovation of central enterprises, and for the first time has a separate budget to support the research and development of technology-based small and medium-sized enterprises.
As of July 31, 64 new companies were listed on the STAR Board in 2022, bringing the total to 442, raising more than 643.8 billion yuan in initial offerings and a total market value of nearly 5.7 trillion yuan. As of the end of July, the balance of loans for technology-based small and medium-sized enterprises was 1,488 billion yuan, an increase of 209.2 billion yuan over the beginning of the year; The balance of loans to high-tech enterprises was 108563 billion yuan, an increase of 1,387.6 billion yuan over the beginning of the year.
The reporter learned that in the next step, the Ministry of Science and Technology will deeply implement the innovation-driven development strategy, pay close attention to the solid implementation of science and technology policies, make greater progress in scientific and technological self-reliance and self-improvement, give birth to more new technologies and new industries, strive to open up new fields and new tracks for economic development, form new advantages in international competition, and provide a solid guarantee for stabilizing the economy and promoting high-quality development.

Source: China Security Products Industry Association



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